Every country has a political system or structure. Each political system and structure is unique to the country’s history and belief system. Due to the political instability in Algeria the Algerian government and politics are always changing. Here is a look at the basic elements of the Algerian political system.
Political System. Algeria is set up in a presidential republic with a mix of constitutional republic. A presidential republic allows the president of the country to be considered a head of state while the prime minister of the country runs the governmental side of it. The constitutional republic side comes in with the public voting who they wish to have elected to office.
Voting Age. Algeria allows citizens of the country to vote once they turn 18.
The President. The President of Algeria is a head of state that is used like a political diplomat. The President is voted into office for a five year term. In 2008, the Algerian constitution was changed to allow any Algerian President to run for multiple terms.
The Prime Minister. The Prime Minister is appointed by the President of Algeria and is in charge of the government aspect of the country.
The Parliament. The Algerian parliament is considered bicameral which means it is made up of two chambers. The two chambers are the National People’s Assembly and the Council of Nation. The National People’s Assembly is made up of 380 members that are elected to their position by the public. The Council of Nation is appointed to office by the Prime Minister and is made up of 144 people.
Election Terms. The National People’s Assembly is elected to their position in parliament for a period of five years. They are allowed to run again after their term has expired. The Council of Nation stays in office until the Prime Minister wishes to change who is in office.